Contributing to Ethereum Projects by Submitting EIPs and Improvements

The Ethereum ecosystem is built by a global community of developers, researchers, and enthusiasts who are passionate about decentralized applications and blockchain technology. One of the most impactful ways to contribute to Ethereum's evolution is by submitting Ethereum Improvement Proposals (EIPs) with code changes or feature additions that enhance the protocol. Getting involved in the EIP process allows you to directly influence the development roadmap by proposing, refining and implementing innovative upgrades that make Ethereum more scalable, secure and useful.

Understanding the EIP Process

EIPs are design documents that provide information for potential protocol changes to the Ethereum blockchain. They include technical specifications, rationale and implementation details for features like opcode additions, client API changes and core protocol modifications. The EIP process aims to standardize how protocol upgrades are evaluated and implemented to ensure changes are properly tested, securely encoded and align with Ethereum’s guiding principles.

The EIP workflow has multiple stages. It begins with an idea posted to Ethereum Magicians or the Ethereum Research forum for initial feedback. The proposal can then be formally submitted as a draft EIP to enter the review process. The EIP editor will assign an editor to manage the request who will screen for duplication and ensure the quality and accuracy of documentation. If accepted, it becomes an official EIP for consideration by the wider community. Through various rounds of review and revision, the EIP matures as developers analyze potentials risks, offer critiques and contribute solutions. Finally, if sufficient consensus emerges around the necessity and value of the EIP, client developers will integrate the changes for deployment at an agreed upon network upgrade.

Developing Your EIP

When developing an EIP proposal, carefully consider how your changes will impact security, scalability and other network tradeoffs. Conduct extensive research to avoid submitting duplicative ideas and gather feedback from the developer community early in the process. Clearly explain your motivation and goals while providing technical specifications with sufficient detail for reviewers to understand what code changes would be required. Strive to make your EIP easy to comprehend so progress can be made quickly during the review process.

The best EIPs solve specific problems reported by users or enable capabilities that significantly advance the Ethereum platform. Some examples are:

  • Optimizations that improve transaction throughput and reduce gas costs
  • Enhancements to built-in smart contract functionality
  • Changes that increase client protection against denial-of-service attacks
  • Solutions that heighten privacy without reducing verification capabilities

Ideally, you should submit EIPs with functioning code that is ready for integration. This could involve forked clients with implemented features, standalone prototypes, or tools that prove proposed concepts will work when deployed. Accompanying your ideas with tangible implementations demonstrates comprehension of potential impacts and commitment to driving adoption.

Engaging the Community and Building Consensus

Making substantial changes to Ethereum requires broad support from stakeholders across the ecosystem. As the author of an EIP proposal, you should neutrally engage skeptics, incorporate constructive feedback, and patiently address concerns raised during review. Building consensus involves transparent discussion of tradeoffs, willingness to iterate on your ideas and empathy for perspectives that may initially oppose your position.

Some strategies for earning community buy-in are:

  • Posting threads regarding your EIP on forums and social platforms to prompt debate
  • Attending developer meetings to present your proposal and gather input
  • Developing prototypes and benchmarks to showcase benefits
  • Publishing articles to build public awareness and support

You may need to compromise and refine the original EIP to satisfy reviewers. Don’t get discouraged by critiques. The goal is reaching agreement that your changes represent an improvement over the status quo. With persistent collaboration, you can evolve good proposals into great ones.

"After years grinding away in isolation, finally having my EIP approved felt like joining a team. My contributions propel Ethereum forward, but the journey itself gave me purpose."

  • Forming connections through spirited discussion of ideas
  • Learning teamwork and compromise are essential to progress
  • Realizing a dream of impacting something bigger than yourself

What are the criteria for a successful EIP contribution?

Submitting impactful EIPs requires an alignment of ambition, problem solving and social skills. Some key factors that lead to successful contributions are:

  • A strong technical understanding of Ethereum’s inner workings
  • Identifying an improvement that clearly benefits the platform
  • Crafting well-structured proposals that are easy to follow
  • Providing sufficient implementation details and code snippets
  • Pre-empting potential criticisms and risk vectors
  • Demonstrating a willingness to amend proposals based on feedback
  • Developing prototypes that prove proposed concepts work
  • Actively participating in public forums to build community consensus
  • Having patience and perseverance to see the process through to the end

Success ultimately depends on developing objectively beneficial solutions that address real issues and move the Ethereum platform forward in line with its guiding principles.

How long does the review process take for EIPs?

The length of the EIP review process can vary substantially depending on the complexity, urgency and potential controversy surrounding proposed changes. Here are some rough timelines:

  • Simple, uncontroversial EIPs - 1-2 months
  • Moderate EIPs with known tradeoffs - 3-6 months
  • Complex changes touching consensus mechanisms - 6-12 months
  • Protocol redesigns or new cryptographic primitives - 12+ months

The review process involves several stages:

  • Initial discourse on forums and design verification
  • Core developer review of documentation and code
  • Implementation as a testnet fork for real world testing
  • Security audits, bug bounties and fix deployment
  • Client integration and configuring upgrade timing

Extensive peer review and testing is necessary to understand how changes impact incentives, security assumptions and network effects. Be ready to actively engage with the community to defend ideas, provide clarification and assuage concerns throughout the entire process. With sufficient effort and iteration, your contributions can make it all the way into production.


Ethereum’s decentralized evolution is driven by individuals like you submitting proposals for a better platform. The EIP process empowers anyone to directly influence future protocol upgrades that solve problems, enable new capabilities and put innovative ideas into production. Doing the work to craft thoughtful EIPs, proactively engage with the community and see your contributions through to implementation allows you to meaningfully contribute to Ethereum’s advancement. So brainstorm ideas, start honing proposals and realize your vision for how Ethereum can progress with a successful EIP contribution. The future awaits your ingenuity.

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