The story behind Cardano: An innovative blockchain for change

Cardano is one of the most exciting and ambitious blockchain projects in the cryptocurrency space today. But where did this innovative blockchain platform come from and who created it? Let's take a look behind the scenes at the origins and founders of Cardano.

Cardano was founded in 2015 by Ethereum co-founder Charles Hoskinson and blockchain developer Jeremy Wood. The two began working on a new blockchain after leaving Ethereum due to differences in vision for the project.

Hoskinson and Wood recognized that while blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum were groundbreaking, they also had limitations in scalability, interoperability, and sustainability. They envisioned a blockchain platform that could overcome these obstacles and also incorporate the latest research in cryptography and distributed computing.

Charles Hoskinson - A visionary leader

Charles Hoskinson is the CEO of IOHK, the core technology company behind Cardano. He is considered one of the most influential thought leaders in crypto and envisioned Cardano as a third-generation blockchain.

Hoskinson was an early pioneer in crypto, involved in founding both Bitcoin Magazine and Ethereum. He eventually left Ethereum and turned his focus to Cardano, driven by a belief that blockchain could solve real-world problems beyond just payments.

With Cardano, Hoskinson aimed to create a blockchain with robust security, scalability, interoperability, and sustainability. He also emphasized formal verification, regulation, and real use cases. His vision was to build a blockchain that could truly change the world.

Jeremy Wood - The technical mastermind

While Hoskinson provided the vision, Jeremy Wood was the technical brains behind Cardano. An expert programmer, Wood developed the core protocol for Cardano, known as Ouroboros.

Ouroboros incorporated cutting-edge cryptography and solved issues like scalability and sustainability. The protocol is based on proof-of-stake rather than energy-intensive proof-of-work. This makes Cardano much more efficient and eco-friendly than older blockchains.

Beyond the core protocol, Wood led the IOHK engineering team in developing the rest of the Cardano blockchain ecosystem. This included key components like the Daedalus wallet, the Plutus smart contract platform, and the Cardano node software.

A research-driven approach

One of the unique aspects of Cardano is its research-first approach. Hoskinson wanted to build a blockchain based on peer-reviewed academic research rather than just open-source tinkering.

To achieve this, IOHK partnered with leading universities to publish groundbreaking papers on cryptography, game theory, and distributed systems. The insights from this research were then incorporated into Cardano's design.

This academic rigor gave Cardano's technology a level of credibility and helped distinguish it from other blockchain projects at the time. The developer team also grew to include many talented researchers and academics.

A blockchain built for the future

Beyond its strong technical foundations, Cardano was also designed with an eye to the future. The Cardano roadmap has long-term ambitions to scale to over 1 million transactions per second, support sidechains, and enable cross-chain interoperability.

Regulation-friendly design, compliance standards, and support for identity on the blockchain are also part of Cardano's future-focused approach. The goal is for Cardano to evolve into the backbone of a new decentralized internet era.

In the words of Charles Hoskinson:

"With Cardano, we aim to shift the tendency of short-term thinking that pervades cryptocurrencies. We are taking a long-term view to create a blockchain that can truly reshape society for the better."

Some key innovations of Cardano include:

  • Ouroboros proof-of-stake protocol
  • Multi-layer architecture
  • Rigorous security and testing standards
  • Formal verification of core code
  • Flexible and scalable

Today, Cardano continues to build on its strong foundations under Hoskinson and Wood's leadership. The blockchain now hosts a thriving ecosystem of applications and users after its native ADA token was launched in 2017.

With its visionary technology and dedicated team, Cardano aims to create a blockchain platform that is responsive to human needs. The story behind Cardano is one of dreams of transforming the world through the power of blockchain.

How does Cardano's technology stand out from other blockchains?

Cardano has several technical advantages that allow it to stand out from other blockchain platforms. A few key differentiators include:

Academic rigor The research-first approach and formal methods used give Cardano a strong technical foundation. All core components have been peer-reviewed and formally verified. This level of rigor inspires confidence in the quality of the technology.


Cardano's Ouroboros protocol was designed with an emphasis on security and resiliency. The proof-of-stake approach is also more secure than proof-of-work blockchains. Multiple security audits and a bug bounty program help ensure the blockchain stays secure.

Scalability Cardano is engineered to scale smoothly as adoption increases. Features like parallel processing, sidechains, and sharding allow for high transaction throughput and capacity. This positions Cardano well to support global usage.


The Ouroboros consensus mechanism enables Cardano to operate with minimal energy use, making it far more eco-friendly than first and second-generation blockchains. As sustainability becomes a priority, Cardano has an advantage.


Support for sidechains, cross-chain communication, and metadata standards give Cardano the ability to interoperate between different systems. This flexibility will be key as blockchain adoption accelerates.

What are the most common misconceptions about Cardano?

Despite its potential, there are also some common misconceptions about Cardano that are worth clarifying:

It is "just a research project"

In fact, Cardano has deployed working software and has an active community of users and developers. While research is important, Cardano is more than just an academic exercise.

It is "too complex"

Cardano has rigorous security standards and peer-reviewed research behind it, but the average user does not need to understand the complexities. Using Cardano is designed to be as simple as any blockchain platform.

It "doesn't have smart contracts"

While it originally launched without smart contracts, Cardano's Alonzo upgrade in 2021 introduced Plutus smart contract functionality, marking a major milestone.

It is "all hype"

Given Cardano's thoughtful and measured approach, it tends to under-promise and over-deliver. The extensive research and engineering put into it aims to back up the project's vision.

It is "too slow" moving

The methodical approach can make Cardano seem slow at times. But its priorities are security, quality, and doing things right - not recklessly rushing products out.

So in summary, many of the criticisms leveled at Cardano stem from impatience or an incomplete understanding of the project's roadmap and priorities. Taking a nuanced look reveals a blockchain platform positioning itself for the long-term.

Read more