Voting on Cardano Improvement Proposals Using Project Catalyst

Cardano is a leading blockchain platform that aims to create a more secure, transparent, and sustainable decentralized network. One way that the Cardano community contributes to the development and governance of the protocol is through voting on Cardano Improvement Proposals (CIPs) using Project Catalyst.

What are Cardano Improvement Proposals?

Cardano Improvement Proposals (CIPs) are design documents that contain standards specifications, processes, and protocols within the Cardano ecosystem. They allow for new features or processes to be proposed, documented, reviewed and potentially implemented into the protocol. CIPs are the primary mechanism for proposing changes and allowing the community to have input on the evolution of Cardano.

Some examples of things that have been implemented through the CIP process include:

  • Transaction metadata - Allowing transactions to contain additional metadata
  • Plutus scripting language - A purpose-built smart contract development language
  • Ouroboros Hydra - An improved consensus protocol to allow for better scalability

CIPs contain technical specifications and rationale for proposed changes. Once submitted, there is a multi-step peer review process and discussions within the community before they are potentially accepted.

How does Project Catalyst enable CIP voting?

Project Catalyst is an initiative that leverages Cardano's treasury system to allow ADA holders to have a say in the future development of the protocol. Through a series of “funds” that run on an annual basis, token holders can propose ideas, submit project proposals, review submissions, and vote on which proposals receive funding from the Cardano treasury.

One important way that Project Catalyst enables direct influence over the advancement of the protocol is through voting on Cardano Improvement Proposals.

For each fund, a batch of CIPs is put forth to the community after undergoing initial review. ADA holders can then review the proposals, discuss their merits, and ultimately vote on which ones should receive funding for development. If a CIP is voted to receive funding, developers can be paid from the treasury to implement the improvement.

This gives token holders direct say in what new features and upgrades make it into the protocol roadmap. Through sequential rounds of proposal, discussion, and voting, the community gets to collectively decide on which CIPs provide the most value to be developed next.

How does voting on CIPs through Project Catalyst work?

The voting process happens in direct conjunction with each 6-8 week fund managed by Project Catalyst. Here is an overview of how CIP voting fits into the broader Project Catalyst flow:

  • Proposal Submission - Community members can submit CIP proposals during the normal submission window for each fund. Proposals must follow the standard CIP framework and contain necessary technical details.
  • Review Phase - Submitted CIPs are reviewed by subject matter experts against a standardized rubric to evaluate quality. Feedback may be provided.
  • Community Evaluation - ADA holders analyze and discuss CIP proposals through Project Catalyst platforms. Proposal champions answer questions and provide clarification.
  • Voting - Eligible ADA holders cast votes during the normal voting period for the Project Catalyst fund. CIPs are voted on alongside normal project proposals, with voting power proportional to the amount of ADA in the voter’s wallet.
  • Funding - The most positively voted CIPs are awarded funding proportional to their share of positive votes. This funds developers to implement the proposed improvements.
  • Implementation - Funded proposals are worked on by their proposers and the community to turn the CIPs into actual protocol changes through development.

By going through this process each fund, impactful CIPs make their way into the Cardano ecosystem in a transparent, decentralized, community-driven manner.

What are the benefits of CIP voting through Project Catalyst?

Empowering the community to directly vote on proposed improvements has a number of benefits:

Aligns with Cardano values - A core philosophy of Cardano is enabling decentralization and handing power to users. Enabling CIP voting aligns with the community-focused values.

Provides clear roadmap guidance - Voting makes it clear which enhancements the community sees as most favorable to work on next. This allows the development roadmap to represent users.

Encourages active participation - Knowing they have a say in new features incentivizes users to deeply engage with CIPs and protocol improvements.

Surfaces high value proposals - The voting system surfaces proposals that could truly improve the protocol in an impactful way by aggregating community perspectives.

Promotes transparency - CIP proposals, discussions, and voting all happen out in the open for maximum transparency into how protocol changes are decided.

While no system is perfect, enabling community-driven voting on protocol changes helps ensure Cardano evolves to meet user needs in an inclusive way.

"Project Catalyst has opened up Cardano development so all voices can shape our communal future. CIP voting lets our ideals of decentralization become reality."

How are CIP proposals evaluated during community review?

Before voting occurs on CIPs each fund, community members have the opportunity to dive into proposals, scrutinize their details, ask questions, and provide feedback. But how does one actually evaluate the quality and potential of a CIP proposal?

Some key factors to analyze include:

  • Technical Merit - Does the proposal make sense from a technical perspective? Are details specified properly? Can it actually be implemented?
  • Usefulness - Does the proposed improvement address a need or gap in the existing protocol? Will it meaningfully benefit users?
  • Cost vs. Impact - Do the projected benefits seem worth the estimated implementation costs?
  • Clarity - Is the proposal clearly explained with specifics to enable an informed opinion?
  • Testing - Are testing plans adequately defined to ensure quality implementation?
  • Team - Does the proposing team seem qualified to deliver on the CIP?
  • Risks - Are potential issues and risks acknowledged and addressed?
  • Fit - Does the proposal align with Cardano's philosophies and the input of various stakeholders?

Asking questions about these factors helps determine if a CIP is well formulated, feasible, and impactful. It ensures voting promotes the most promising improvements.

Thorough community evaluation of CIPs is crucial to make Project Catalyst a success.

How can community members maximize their influence in CIP voting?

Here are a few tips for ADA holders who want to maximize their input into Cardano's evolution through Project Catalyst CIP voting:

  • Stake your ADA - Voting power is proportional to staked ADA holdings, so staking increases influence.
  • Review proposals - Take time to read CIP proposals and ask thoughtful questions during the review period.
  • Follow discussions - Stay on top of discourse in Catalyst platforms to evaluate community sentiment.
  • Promote quality - Draw attention to well formulated CIPs that add value to incentivize their funding.
  • Critique issues - Constructively point out issues or limitations with proposals that may be flawed.
  • Vote thoughtfully - Don't just blindly vote - use your best judgment to pick proposals with merit.
  • Spread awareness - Tell peers about voting opportunities and quality proposals to motivate broader participation.
  • Stay involved long-term - The more you engage across proposal rounds, the more your perspective will shape outcomes.

With committed participation and thoughtful voting, each community member can play a part in advancing Cardano.

How can the impact of CIP voting be measured?

CIP voting enables direct community guidance of Cardano's evolution. But how can we measure the impact to know if the process is working effectively? A few key metrics to watch include:

  • Voter Participation - Are voter numbers increasing over time as more users provide input? High turnout demonstrates voting relevance.
  • Implemented Improvements - Are funded CIPs successfully making it into the protocol? The more quality CIPs completed, the better.
  • Usage Data - Are new implemented features being utilized? Active usage demonstrates voting is funding useful upgrades.
  • Community Sentiment - Is informal community feedback about voting and implemented CIPs positive? This qualitatively demonstrates value.
  • Protocol Metrics - Are overall network metrics like transactions, user counts, or staked ADA increasing thanks to CIP upgrades? This shows overall impact.

Tracking metrics like these over time will provide data to refine the CIP voting process and validate its role in directing meaningful Cardano enhancements.

As more participants discover their power and funded CIPs bear fruit in the form of protocol upgrades, it will quantify the positive influence direct voting can have.


Project Catalyst has opened up new avenues for community authority over the Cardano roadmap. CIP voting grants token holders an unprecedented ability to directly evaluate and select proposed improvements to the protocol. When combined with transparent discussion and funding for development, it enables collaborative guidance of the ecosystem’s evolution.

Despite the complex mechanics behind the scenes, participating is straightforward for motivated community members who want their perspectives represented. There is still room to grow user participation and refine dynamics, but the value of self-directed progress perseveres.

As more ADA holders realize that pooling preferences doesn’t dilute voices but actually amplifies influence, the benefits will compound. This momentum will further establish Cardano’s identity as the most community-driven blockchain.

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